Concussion Recommendations and Strategy:

For prevention to safe recovery of all sport and recreation related concussions




Twitter: ABConAlli


Who we are:

Alberta Concussion Alliance (ACA) is a group of professionals in Alberta who have come together to provide strategic direction our community, about the prevention of and safe recovery from sport and recreation-related concussions.


Vision:  Prevention and safe recovery of all concussions.


Mission: Alberta Concussion Alliance (ACA) will provide Albertans with easily accessible research driven concussion prevention and management practices that are simple and safe to use.

Target Audience: Community members, educators, employers, coaches, team staff, caregivers, and healthcare providers for Albertans 13 years and older who participate in or are involved in recreation and sporting activities.


Concussion Recommendations and Strategy:


Alberta Concussion Alliance Concussion Recommendations and Strategy (PDF)

Concussion Management - Signs and Symptoms (PDF)

Return to Learn Guidelines - March 2016 (PDF)

Return to Play Guidelines - March 2016 (PDF)

Pocket Concussion Recognition Tool (PDF)

Concussion Action Plan - CAP (PDF)

Model Concussion Policy and Protocol (PDF)



Definition of Concussion:

ACA supports the definition of concussion from the 2012 Zurich consensus statement on concussion in sport:

  • Concussion is a brain injury and is defined as a complex pathophysiological process affecting the brain, induced by biomechanical forces.

The consensus statement describes the following four main features of concussion:

  1. Concussion may be caused either by a direct blow to the head, face, neck or elsewhere on the body with an impulsive force transmitted to the head.

  2. Concussion typically results in the rapid onset of short-lived impairment of neurologic function that resolves spontaneously. However in some cases, symptoms and signs may evolve over a number of minutes to hours

  3. Concussion may result in neuropathological changes, but the acute clinical symptoms largely reflect a functional disturbance rather than a structural injury and, as such, no abnormality is seen on standard structural neuroimaging studies.

  4. Concussion results in a graded set of clinical symptoms that may or may not involve loss of consciousness. Resolution of the clinical and cognitive symptoms typically follows a sequential course. However, it is important to note that in some cases symptoms maybe prolonged.




Concussion Awareness Training Tool
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Play Safe Initiative


Printable Documents:

Concussion Awareness Training Tool
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Sports Legacy Institute
Play Safe Initiative


Return to Learn:

Concussion Awareness Training Tool
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Centre for Childhood Disability Research:


Return to Play:

Concussion Awareness Training Tool
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention


Research, Position Statements and Academic Journals: 

British Journal of Sports Medicine
British Journal of Sports Medicine
Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine
Canadian Pediatric Society



Dr. Mike Evans- Concussion Management and Return to Learn
Dr. Mike Evans- Concussion 101


Online Courses:

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
School Sport Canada
National Federation of State High School Associations



Moms Team



1)      McCrory P, Meeuwisse W, Aubry M, et al. Summary and agreement statement of the 4th International Symposium on Concussion in Sport, Zurich 2012. Clin J Sport Med. 2013;23:89–117

2)      Parachute, Return to Play Guidelines. Retrieved from

3)      Concussion Awareness Training Tool (CATT), Return to Play Communication Tool. Retrieved from

4)      Canadian Ethics in Sport, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Date of publication). An Active and Safe Program Resource. Retrieved from

5)      Harmon KG, Drezner JA, Gammons M, et al. American Medical Society for Sports Medicine Position Statement: Concussion in Sport. The British Journal of Sports Medicine, 2013 Jan;47(1):15-26. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2012-091941.
6)      Purcell LK. (March 3, 2014)). Sport-related concussion: Evaluation and management. Canadian Paediatric Society Healthy Active Living and Sports Medicine Committee Paediatric Child Health 2014;19(3);153-8

7)      Dr. Garnet Cummings (2012), Brain Care Centre, Concussion Position Statement.

8)      ISO/DIS 31000 (2009). Risk management — Principles and guidelines on implementationInternational Organization for Standardization.

9)      St. Luke’s Sport Medicine (2013). Idaho Concussion Management Plan. Retrieved from

10)   Beaglehole, Bonita & Kjellstrom(2006), Basic Epidemiology. Retrieved from

11)   Play Safe, Play Safe Resources: Developing a Concussion Policy. Retrieved from



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