Summer is here and so is the heat.  Heat illnesses are common among athletes therefore here are some tips to help keep your athlete hydrated, cool and safe.  Click on the following you-tubes to view information about types of heat illness prevention, signs, symptoms, and treatment.


Please click on the underlined header in the you-tube video to view video in full screen.



Heat Illnesses


Exertional Hyponatremia

Exposure to abnormal or prolonged amounts of heat and humidity without relief or adequate fluid intake can cause various types of heat-related illness.

When athletes do not replenish lost fluids, they become dehydrated.

When an athlete’s blood sodium levels decrease, either due to overhydration or inadequate sodium intake, or both, medical complications can result in cerebral and/or pulmonary edema. This tends to occur during warm/hot weather activities. Hyponatremia may be completely avoided if fluid consumption during activity does not exceed fluid losses



Muscle Cramps

Heat Exhaustion

Heat Stroke

Muscle cramps are not well understood. These cramps are often present in athletes who perform strenuous exercise in the heat.  Conversely, cramps also occur in the absence of warm or hot conditions.

Heat exhaustion is a moderate illness characterized by the inability to sustain adequate cardiac output, resulting from strenuous physical exercise and environmental heat stress.

A severe illness characterized by central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities and potentially tissue damage resulting from elevated body temperatures induced by strenuous physical exercise and increased environmental heat stress.






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